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InstaLinks :  help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically
Table of Contents:
GS Paper 1:
1. India Discrimination Report 2022: Oxfam India
GS Paper2:
1. The Eastern Economic Forum and India’s balancing act
GS Paper 4:
1. Assisted Suicide
Content for Mains Enrichment (Essay/Ethics)
1. Earth is now our only shareholder
Facts for Prelims:
1. Qutb Shahi tombs
2. Delay in PMAY-G to invite penalty
3. Draft Bill with 1932 as the cut-off year for domicile
4. Localization of SDGs
5. Indo-Pacific Trilateral Development Cooperation Fund
6. Growth forecast for India
7. Energy Transition and Automobile sector
8. National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Energy storage
9. IEA: World Energy Employment Report
10. Conciliation with all armed groups in northeast
12. Mapping
Best Wishes to those giving Mains this time.
Note: You can download the compilation of Content for Mains Enrichment (CME) from June till September 10th here. This is a short 20 pages compilation and can be highly used for those giving Mains this time.
Syllabus: Indian Society: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues.
Source: BBC
Direction: You can easily relate the reports released by OXFAM, but no need to remember who prepared which report etc. (UPSC generally focuses on conceptual Information more)
Context: Oxfam discrimination report: Why women and marginalised communities earn less in India
Key Highlights
FLFP: According to Indian government data, in 2020-21 women made up only 25.1% of the labour force (from 42.7% in 2004-05)
Reasons for discrimination:
Discrimination in the labour market is when people with identical capabilities are treated differently because of their identity or social background.
About Oxfam International
Oxfam is a global movement of people who are fighting inequality to end poverty and injustice.  It was formed in 1995 by a group of non-governmental organisations to share knowledge and resources and combine their efforts in the fight against poverty, injustice and inequality.
Insta Links
Social Justice
Mains Links
The article can be linked to GS1: Indian society as well as GS2 (social justice) and GS3 (FLFP)
 Q. Gender wage disparity in India is among the worst in the world. discuss the reasons and suggest solutions to this problem. (250 words)
Syllabus: Bilateral, regional and global groupings involving India and affecting India’s interests etc
Directions: Important for Prelims and mains, you can use it as an example in mains for India’s balancing nature by being part of multiple forums
Source: The Hindu
Context: Russia hosted the seventh Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) Vladivostok.
What is the Eastern Economic Forum?
Who are the major investors in the Forum?
South Korea:
It has invested in:
Aim of EEF:
A balance between the EEF and the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework(IPEF):
Importance of IPEF for India:
Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF):
 It was announced in 2021 to set regional standards for cooperation and to encourage regional economies to “decouple” from the Chinese market by leading them to alternative supply chains.
Insta Links:
Mains Links:
Q.What is the significance of Indo-US deals over Indo-Russian defence deals? Discuss with reference to stability in the Indo-Pacific region. (UPSC 2020)
Prelims Links:
Which of the following is/are pillars of IPEF?
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a. 1, 2 and 3 only
b. 2 and 4 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4
Ans: (d)
All of them are pillars of IPEF
Syllabus: Application of Ethics
Source: Indian Express 
Context: Jean-Luc Godard, one of the legends of French New Wave cinema, died by assisted suicide at the age of 91.
Godard had recourse to legal assistance in Switzerland for a voluntary departure as he was stricken with multiple invalidating illnesses, according to the medical report”.
Assisted suicide is allowed by Swiss law under certain conditions. Physicians and organisations are allowed to provide assistance to suicide within the framework of the law and under the medical codes of ethics, as per Le Monde, as long as there are no ‘selfish motives’. 
Why are assisted suicide and euthanasia controversial topics?
They have long been contentious topics of debate as they involve a complex set of moral, ethical and in some cases, religious questions.  
Countries that allow assisted suicide: Several European nations, some states in Australia and Colombia in South America allow assisted suicide and euthanasia under certain circumstances. 

Fig: Jean-Luc Godard
The term “euthanasia” is derived from Greek, literally meaning “good death”. Taken in its common usage, however, euthanasia refers to the termination of a person’s life, to end their suffering, usually from an incurable or terminal condition. It is for this reason that euthanasia was also coined the name “mercy killing”.
Types of Euthanasia:
We had already covered Euthanasia in detail before. Please check this Insta Link given below.
Insta Links:
Ethics of Euthanasia
Source: Indian Express
Yvon Chouinard, the billionaire owner of American outdoor apparel firm Patagonia, has decided to give away ownership of the company, valued at nearly $3 billion, to fight climate change.
Patagonia has been associated with climate issues for years; it has been giving away 1 per cent of its annual sales (worth $100 billion) to environmental activists for years.
Now, Chouinard, his wife and two adult children have transferred the company’s entire non-voting stock to a non-profit organisation. All profits earned henceforth by Patagonia, which is famous for its hiking gear and outdoor clothes, will go to Holdfast Collective, an American charity working towards saving the environment.
According to Chouinard, “Hopefully, this will influence a new form of capitalism that doesn’t end up with a few rich people and a bunch of poor people.

Context: Six walls of Qutb Shahi Tombs Complex in Hyderabad have been restored recently and it will help make a strong case for Unesco World Heritage City. 
The Qutub Shahi Tombs are located in the Ibrahim Bagh (garden precinct), close to the famous Golconda Fort in Hyderabad, India. They contain the tombs and mosques built by the various kings of the Qutub Shahi dynasty.
Quṭb Shāhī dynasty, (1518–1687), rulers of the kingdom of Golconda in the southeastern Deccan of India, one of the five successor states of the Bahmanī kingdom. The founder was Qulī Quṭb Shah.

 Source: The Hindu

 Source: Indian Express
Key Highlights:
 Ninth Schedule:
Source: PIB
Direction: Go through once.
Context: Institute of Rural Management (Anand, Gujarat) will collaborate in making Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) to localize and customize SDG goals for villages in India.
 Why is localizing SDGs important?
Localizing the SDGs can provide a framework for local development policy, esp. as the 14th Finance commission devolved more funds for Local bodies and over 65% of India’s population still lives in rural areas.
 GPDP: Panchayats have been mandated the preparation of the Panchayat Development Plan (PDP) for economic development and social justice by utilizing the resources available to them.
 How can we develop Gram Panchayat?
The Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) should be comprehensive and based on a participatory process involving the community, particularly Gram Sabha, and will be in convergence with schemes of all related Central Ministries / Line Departments related to 29 subjects listed in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution.
The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) (a UN body) is the most inclusive intergovernmental platform in the Asia-Pacific region, promoting the localization of SDGs.

Source: Business Line
Direction: Do keep a note of important areas of cooperation between major powers and India.
Context: India and France have agreed to work on the establishment of this fund to support India-based innovators and start-ups in taking their innovation to third countries (esp. in the Indo-Pacific region) and cooperate on other programmes such as Int’ll Solar Alliance and its STAR-C Project (Solar Technology Application Resource Centre)
 Other Areas of cooperation:

Source: Financial Express
Context: Global rating agency Fitch cut India’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth forecast for 2022-23 to 7% from the earlier 7.8% due to the impact of the global economic slowdown, elevated inflation and tighter monetary policy.
It expects the Indian economic growth to slow down given the European gas crisis, high inflation and a sharp acceleration in the pace of global monetary policy tightening are taking a heavy toll on economic prospects.
What is a Rating Agency?
Rating agencies assess the creditworthiness or potential of equity, debt or country.
Their reports are read by investors to make an informed decision on whether or not to invest in a particular country or companies in that geography.
Lowered rating of a country can potentially cause panic selling or offloading of investment by a foreign investor.
The three prominent rating agencies are, Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s and Fitch.
Source: The Hindu, The Hindu
Direction: We have combined a news article and an editorial from today’s Hindu. Go through it once.
Context: PM: Amrit Kaal’ is an opportunity to achieve self-sufficiency in every sector and the automobile sector is no exception.
 Targets by Auto sector:
Case Study:
‘Grand Challenge 1’ for electric buses (unified tender for union and state procurement of electric buses)
A note on FAME:
Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME-India) Scheme was launched under the National Mission on Electric Mobility in 2011/National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 and unveiled in 2013. The scheme encourages the progressive induction of reliable, affordable and efficient electric and hybrid vehicles.
Source: Niti Aayog
Context: NITI Aayog has released a report on the ‘National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Energy storage’.
Key highlights
The reports emphasise the role of Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) schemes in this programme to meet India’s battery demand by 2030.
About the Scheme (also see infographic below)
Source: D2E
Direction: These reports are important to see the trends in various sectors and sometimes UPSC (in Mains) asks for such a trend.
Context: International Energy Agency (IEA) report highlights that over 65mn people in 2019 were employed in the energy sector, with over 50% of them in clean energy sectors.
Source: UN
Direction: Just go through once.
Context: 1st UN Global Congress of Victims of Terrorism was held in UN HQ (New York) so that victims can share their experiences, challenges, stories of resilience and contribution in a socially connected setting.
India initiated the ‘Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism’ (CCIT) is yet to be adopted by the UN body.
Source: The Hindu

Key Highlights:
Security Situation:
Key points of Tripartite Agreement:
Source: PIB 
Context: Reinforcing the Indian Navy’s commitment to maritime security, INS Tarkash is currently mission deployed in the Gulf of Guinea (GoG) for anti-piracy operations.
About INS Tarkash
INS Tarkash is the second Talwar-class frigate constructed for the Indian Navy. She was built at the Yantar shipyard in Kaliningrad, Russia.

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